How Should I Structure My Business?

business structure

Whether you’re launching a new enterprise or managing an existing one, there are various ways to organise your business, each with its unique advantages and drawbacks. Common structures for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) encompass the sole trader, partnership, limited liability partnership, and private limited company.

It is crucial to seek customised advice, addressing both financial and legal aspects, when determining the optimal structure for your business. An overview of each structure is provided below:

Sole Trader

Initiating as a sole trader is the simplest method to commence a business. You inform HMRC of your self-employment, managing income and expenses through the annual self-assessment. While sole traders often work independently, they can employ staff, subject to industry regulations. The flexibility to make prompt decisions is a notable advantage. However, income tax thresholds may become less favourable as the business grows. Personal liability is unlimited, exposing personal assets to business debts in case of failure.


Choosing a partnership is suitable for those starting a business with at least one other individual. An extension of the sole trader model, a partnership allows flexibility with additional input. A nominated partner oversees tax returns and maintains business records. Clearly defining responsibilities, liabilities, and profit distribution in a partnership agreement is advisable. Like sole traders, partners share joint and several liability for business debts, with profits taxed as income.

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

LLPs are often linked to professional service firms, offering a blend of partnership flexibility and limited liability akin to companies. Members’ assets are protected, limited to their invested value plus any personal guarantees. Each member registers as self-employed with HMRC, and the LLP is registered at Companies House, involving increased administrative responsibilities compared to sole traders and standard partnerships.

Private Limited Company

Forming a limited company entails a more intricate process and increased administrative responsibilities compared to sole traders. Key features include limited liability protection for directors and shareholders, distinct legal identity, potential tax advantages, a professional corporate image, and facilitated exit planning and succession.

In summary

The choice of the most appropriate structure hinges on the unique characteristics of your business and growth strategy. After obtaining specialised legal and financial advice, it is imperative to address essential aspects such as standard terms of business, employment contracts, partner or shareholder agreements, and long-term goals and exit strategies in your business planning, while also considering succession within your will.

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